Melbourne nearly lost the Olympics to Rome before the games, when IOC president Avery Brundage was not impressed with an inspection in April of 1955. Melbourne was way behind on construction because of financial issues and political debates, but at this point, they had managed to get a A$4.5 million loan from the State of Victoria. By 1956 Melbourne was clearly ready for the Olympics and the games started as planned.
- For the first time since WWII, East and West Germany enter the games as the United Team of Germany
- Because of quarantine laws, the equestrian events took place in Stockholm in June, since foreign horses are not allowed in Australia. This was the second time events took place in two different nations.
- This was the first time any Olympic games were held in the southern hemisphere.
- The Indian national field hockey team won its sixth consecutive gold. The streak ended in 1960, when they only won a silver medal. This is the longest streak of one nation consecutively winning gold at the Olympics in field hockey.
- Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, Spain, and Sweden boycotted the games in protest of the Soviet invasion of Hungary. Egypt, Lebanon, and Iraq do the same as a result of the Suez crisis.
- The People's Republic of China refuses to participate due to the inclusion of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
- Logos - A collection of logos featuring this event.
- Mascots - The official mascots of this Olympics'.
- Torch - Information about this Olympics' torch.
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Squaw Valley 1960
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