The XV Summer Olympics were held in Helsinki, Finland. Helsinki was originally awarded the 1940 summer games, after the IOC stripped the privilege from Tokyo, because of the Sino-Japanese War. The 1940 games were later canceled, due to World War II, so not until 1952 was Helsinki able to host the Olympic games. 69 nations competed in the 149 events (17 sports) during the XV Games. The games were opened by the Finnish President Juho Kuski Paasikivi.

Historic EventsEdit

  • Russian athletes participate for the first time in 40 years (appearing as the Soviet Union for the first time).
  • Nina Romashkova becomes the first Soviet Athlete to win gold, thanks to her performance in the woman's discus throwing event.
  • The Soviet Union's Maria Gorokhovskaya sets a new world record with the most medals by a woman in one games, with two golds and five silvers.
  • Czechoslovakia's Emil Zátopek sets Olympic records in the 5,000 meter race, 10,000 meter race, and the marathon, an event he'd never run before.
  • Germany and Japan are invited after being barred from the 1948 Summer Olympics.
  • Israel makes it's first ever appearance in the Olympics (they didn't compete in 1948 because of their war of independence).
  • The Republic of China (Taiwan) withdrew from the Games on July 20, in protest of allowing the People's Republic of China to compete.
  • Saarland competed for the first and only time in the Olympics. They joined United Team of Germany in the 1956 Melbourne games.
  • East Germany did not compete in these games
  • Non-military officers are allowed to be equestrian riders for the first time. Also a female equestrian event was held for the first time, in which Denmark's Lis Hartel won the first gold medal.
  • Bob Mathias of the United States became the first Olympian to successfully defend his decathlon title, with a total score of 7,887 points.


Main article: Helsinki 1952/Medal table
  1. United States 40 Gold, 19 Silver and 17 Bronze. 76 Total.
  2. Soviet Union 22 Gold, 30 Silver and 19 Bronze. 71 Total.
  3. Hungary 16 Gold, 10 Silver and 16 Bronze. 42 Total.
  4. Sweden 12 Gold, 13 Silver and 10 Bronze. 35 Total.
  5. Germany 7 Silver and 17 Bronze. 24 Total.
  6. Finland 6 Gold, 3 Silver and 13 Bronze. 22 Total.
  7. Italy 8 Gold, 9 Silver and 4 Bronze. 21 Total.
  8. France 6 Gold, 6 Silver and 6 Bronze. 18 Total.
  9. Switzerland 2 Gold, 6 Silver and 6 Bronze. 14 Total.
  10. Czechoslovakia 7 Gold, 3 Silver and 3 Bronze. 13 Total.

Image GalleryEdit

See AlsoEdit

  • Logos - A collection of logos featuring this event.
  • Mascots - The official mascots of this Olympics'.
  • Torch - Information about this Olympics' torch.

Preceded by
Oslo 1952
Succeeded by
Cortina 1956
Preceded by
London 1948
Summer Olympics
Succeeded by
Melbourne 1956

Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
Athens 1896Paris 1900St. Louis 1904Athens 1906London 1908Stockholm 1912Berlin 1916Antwerp 1920Paris 1924Amsterdam 1928Los Angeles 1932Berlin 1936London 1948Helsinki 1952Melbourne 1956Rome 1960Tokyo 1964Mexico City 1968Munich 1972Montreal 1976Moscow 1980Los Angeles 1984Seoul 1988Barcelona 1992Atlanta 1996Sydney 2000Athens 2004Beijing 2008London 2012Rio de Janeiro 2016Tokyo 2020Paris 2024Los Angeles 2028
Winter Olympic Games
Chamonix 1924St. Moritz 1928Lake Placid 1932Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936St. Moritz 1948Oslo 1952Cortina 1956Squaw Valley 1960Innsbruck 1964Grenoble 1968Sapporo 1972Innsbruck 1976Lake Placid 1980Sarajevo 1984Calgary 1988Albertville 1992Lillehammer 1994Nagano 1998Salt Lake City 2002Torino 2006Vancouver 2010Sochi 2014Pyeongchang 2018Beijing 2022