The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Berlin, Germany, from 1 August to 16 August. Berlin had previously been chosen to host the 1916 Summer Olympics, which were subsequently cancelled due to the First World War. The 1936 Games had 3,963 athletes from 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participating in a total of 129 events in 19 sports. This was the highest number of nations represented at any Games to date. Athletes from 32 NOCs won medals, of which 21 secured at least one gold medal. As a result, 17 NOCs were left without any medal. The host NOC, Germany, received a total of 89 medals, a record for a united German team, although East Germany broke that record in 1976, 1980 and 1988.
While a boycott by the United States was suggested due to Germany's National Socialist regime, it was not implemented as the President of the United States Olympic Committee, Avery Brundage, felt that politics should be kept separate from sport. The other NOCs which threatened to boycott the Games for the same reason were the United Kingdom, France, Sweden, Czechoslovakia and the Netherlands. An alternative People's Olympiad was planned to take place in Barcelona, Spain, but was canceled at the last moment following the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War after the athletes had already begun to arrive. The civil war also meant that Spain's NOC did not compete at the 1936 Games. While no NOCs ended up boycotting the Games, a multinational Jewish-led boycott of the Games took place, with individual athletes refusing to take part.
Marjorie Gestring became the youngest Olympic champion ever at the age of 13, winning a gold medal in the women's 3 metre springboard. As Korea was under Japanese rule, Korean athletes who hoped to compete in the Games were required to qualify for the Japanese team. Sohn Kee-chung, competing as Kitei Son, won gold in the marathon, which made him Japan's first gold medallist at these Games and the first Korean ever to win a medal. His fellow countryman Nam Sung-yong won the bronze medal in the same event. For the first time since the 1908 Games, the United States failed to lead the medal table.
The ranking in this table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a National Olympic Committee have won (a nation is represented at a Games by the associated National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If NOCs are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IOC country code.
A dead heat in the lightweight section of the weightlifting competition resulted in gold medals being awarded to both Austria's Robert Fein and Egypt's Anwar Mesbah, and resulted in a silver medal not being awarded for that event. A dead heat for third place in the floor competition of the gymnastic events resulted in bronze medals going to both Germany's Konrad Frey and Eugen Mack of Switzerland. This resulted in 130 gold and bronze medals being awarded, but only 128 silver medals.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Olympic history: Berlin 1936", March 12, 2012. Retrieved on March 15, 2012.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 The Movement to Boycott the Berlin Olympics of 1936. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved on March 17, 2012.
- ↑ "Olympic Medal Table". Retrieved on March 28, 2012.
- ↑ Pope, John. "Fred Feran, who boycotted 1936 Olympics in Berlin, dies at age 92", 1 March 2010. Retrieved on March 17, 2012.
- ↑ Kitei Son. Olympic.org. Retrieved on March 17, 2012.
- ↑ Lewis, Mike. "Obituary: Sohn Kee-chung", 30 November 2002. Retrieved on March 17, 2012.
- ↑ The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the XI Olympiad (PDF). The Organising Committee for the XI Olympiad (1936). Retrieved on March 17, 2012.
| Succeeded by|
St. Moritz 1948
Los Angeles 1932
| Succeeded by|
|This article is a stub. Please help Olympics Wiki by expanding it, adding pictures, and improving existing text.